Sunday, August 24, 2014

A view on UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2014

By: Veronica Velásquez Zuluaga*
Law student at Universidad EAFIT, Colombia

According to the UNCTAD, the foreign direct investment (FDI) has increased all types of economic groups, developed, developing and transition. One of the points of the agenda of the countries is to create or elaborate policies to attract investment in their own country regardless of their economic group.

Recently, an investment promotion agency mentioned that the main objective of investment incentives is job creation, followed by technology transfer and export promotion. To achieve this objective, it has to take into account four key challenges: The first one is leadership, this key propose setting guiding principles ensuring policy coherence; the second is mobilization and propose to reorient markets towards investment in SDGs; the third is channeling and pose the promoting and facilitating investment into SDGs sector; and the last one is impact and express the maximization of the development benefits and minimizing risks.

There is an important aspect and is related to the investment of the private sector in all countries. The private sector cannot supplant the big public sector push needed to move investment in the SDGs in the right direction. But an associated big push in private investment can build on the complementarity and potential synergies in the two sectors to accelerate the pace in realizing the SDGs and meeting crucial targets. Private sector contributions often depend on facilitating investments by the public sector. In some sectors such as food security, health or energy sustainability, publicly supported research and technological development (R&D) investments are needed as a prelude to large-scale SDG-related investments.

SDG investment has some approach: the first is economic infrastructure in developing countries, included power, transport, telecommunications and water and sanitation, we can say private sector has a good participation in these topics; another approach is food security and the corporate sector contribution in the agricultural sector as a whole is already high at 75 per cent in developing countries, and is likely to be higher in the future; the third one is Social infrastructure is related to education and health, is a prerequisite for effective sustainable development, and therefore an important component of the SDGs; and the last one is environmental sustainability, including stewardship of global commons, the investment gap is largely captured through estimates for climate change, especially mitigation, and under ecosystems/biodiversity (including forests, oceans, etc.).

We can say private sector intervenes so much in the economy and all their movements can change other sectors such as economy, environment, infrastructure, transport etc.


UNCTAD (2014) World Investment Report 2014. Available online at:

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