Opinion article by: David Ricardo Murcia*. (firstname.lastname@example.org )
One crucial component of development paths in the 21st century has been the share of a country in the value given to a product during its process in a global value chain (GVC). Using the formers modes of production Transnational Corporations (TNC) distributes among various nations the process of production seeking lower costs according to the characteristics of the nations, id est: TNCs assemble each part of a final product in the state where it is cheaper. It, indeed, hazards developing countries because most of the value will be given to the economy that commercializes the final product. The remaining value splits in each hosting nations according to the step of the production in which it participates. According to the UNCTAD WIR for 2013, nations involved in the primary sector of the economy gain a little percentage of product profit that comes from their commodities.
UNCTAD. (2013). World Invesment Report 2013. Geneva & New Yor. United Nations